Everybody experiences headaches at some point in their life. There are numerous types of headaches. They can be caused by a variety of conditions and are often very painful. Knowing which type of headache you have can help you get the treatment you need.

The most common types of headaches are migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. Each has its own set of symptoms and a specific treatment plan.

Cluster headaches occur in clusters and usually affect one side of the head. Some of the symptoms include a throbbing sensation, nausea, and sensitivity to light.

Migraine headaches are more severe, and you might experience visual disturbances, loss of vision, tingling and pulsating sensations, and muscle tension. 

Tension headaches are also a common type of headache, but they are not disabling. Typically, tension headaches only last a short period of time. 

To know more about different types of headaches, continue reading this article. 

What Is A Headache?

A headache is an ache or pain in the head. It can be localized or recurrent. Identifying the cause of your headache is the first step to finding relief. Your healthcare provider can then determine the seriousness of your headache.

Some of the most common causes of headaches are stress, dehydration, and drug abuse. Changes in your sleeping habits can also trigger headaches. Changing your diet can help you avoid future episodes.

The pain associated with a headache is the result of a series of signals that travel between your brain and other parts of your body. These signals are generated by nociceptors, which live in nerves and muscles throughout your body.

Most headaches go away after you've rested. The most common type of headache is tension. If you experience a tension headache, you may feel soreness in your neck, shoulders, or upper back.

10 Different Types of Headaches 

Here is the list of 10 different types of headaches and their causes. 


There are many types of headaches, from tension-type headaches to migraine. It is important to know the difference between these headaches and know how to treat them. Migraine is a neurological disorder that causes an intense throbbing headache. The pain can be very severe and can last for several days. Patients may also experience nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine can be treated with antiepileptic drugs or over-the-counter pain relievers. 

Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches are painful, intense attacks that occur in cycles. They generally affect one side of the head. Pain may spread to the face, nose, and forehead. The pain can be very severe and may cause a person to have difficulty sleeping. It can also wake them up at night, especially during a cluster period. Cluster headaches are caused by a nerve pathway in the base of the brain. 

Tension-Type Headache

Tension-type headache is the type of headache that is most prevalent among adults. It is often characterized by pressure, ache, or pain around the back of the head and can last for hours to days. Unlike migraine, tension-type headaches do not usually cause vomiting. They may be accompanied by light sensitivity. Patients with tension-type headaches usually have mild-moderate pain. The pain is typically dull and poorly localized. 

Hypnic Headaches

Hypnic headaches are a type of primary headache disorder. They are typically nocturnal, dull, and moderately to severely painful. In some cases, hypnic headaches are associated with mild autonomic symptoms. However, the etiology of hypnic headaches is unclear. This is why many clinicians seek alternative explanations for the symptoms.

Exertional Headache

Exertional headaches, or exercise headaches, are a type of headache that is caused by the increased blood flow that occurs during strenuous activity. The headaches are usually felt across the entire head but can also occur on only one side. A headache can last a few minutes or several days. If you have this condition, you will need to see your doctor.

Medication-Overuse Headache

Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is the common medical term for a condition that occurs when a patient uses acute pain relievers for a longer period of time. It can be very harmful and can affect many people. Medications that can contribute to a medication-overuse headache include migraine-specific triptans, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium. 

Hangover Headaches

Hangover headaches are one of the most common symptoms people experience when they drink alcohol. They are due to the disruption of blood flow to the brain. This disruption can also lead to other symptoms, such as nausea, fatigue, and mood disturbances. Eating before you drink can reduce the effects of alcohol on your body. 

Sinus Headaches

Sinus headaches can be due to infections or allergies. They can be accompanied by other symptoms such as facial pressure, watery eyes, and a runny nose. This type of headache can last hours to days. If you have a sinus headache, it is important to treat it with a steroid nasal spray. 

Caffeine-Related Headaches

A caffeine-related headache is one of the more common headaches that can affect anyone who consumes a lot of caffeine on a regular basis. If you are experiencing this type of headache, it may be time to cut back or eliminate your caffeine consumption.

Menstrual Headaches

Menstrual headaches can be debilitating. There are many reasons for this. It can be caused by stress, fatigue, or hormonal imbalances. But there are remedies that can help ease the pain. During the menstrual cycle, estrogen and progesterone fluctuate. When the estrogen levels drop, the brain produces an increase in CGRP, which leads to headaches. 

What Type of Headache Should I Worry About?

Headaches are common and can be a source of great pain. However, if your headache is becoming severe, it's important to seek medical attention.

One type of headache, subarachnoid hemorrhage, is a life-threatening condition. Patients become unconscious, and the pain can be severe. Symptoms include headaches, drowsiness, vomiting, and stiffness in the neck.

Occasionally, meningitis can cause a headache. Meningitis is an infection that affects the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. It can be life-threatening and can cause fever, rash, muscle pain, and drowsiness.

If your headache lasts longer than two days or worsens during the day, you should seek medical attention. You should also keep a headache diary to note your symptoms and possible triggers.


Having a headache is a common health problem. There are different types of headaches that affect people. Some of the most common types of headaches are migraine, tension headaches, cluster headaches, hangover headaches, etc. For proper treatment, you need to know what type of headache it is. If it is not severe, you can use a variety of ways to treat your headache. These also include reducing your stress, getting plenty of sleep, eating well, and taking care of your body. However, if the headache persists, it is best to go for a health check-up.